Dr. Muhammad Shoaib Pervez's Profile

Dr. Muhammad Shoaib Pervez completed his PhD in International Relations from Leiden University, Holland in 2010. He was awarded the prestigious Higher Education Commission of Pakistan Overseas Scholarship for PhD studies abroad (2007-10). His monograph, Security community in South-Asia: India-Pakistan has been published by Routledge (2012, New York). This book has also been awarded the National Outstanding Book Research Award by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan in March 2015. He has also written articles in foreign peer reviewed journals like International Politics, Palgrave Macmillan, Contemporary South Asia, Religion Politics & Ideology, and International Affairs (Chatham House U.K.). Pervez is also an HEC approved PhD supervisor on International Relations. He was also the post-doctoral Fulbright fellow/ Visiting Scholar for the year 2014-15 at Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University, New York where he worked with Prof. Robert Jervis on strategic culture. His research interests lie in issues of security, strategic culture, identity politics and theories of International Relations particularly social constructivism.

Abstract

U.S.-Pakistan Relations 70 Years On: An Infidel Relationship?

U.S.-Pakistan relations have been on a roller coaster ride for the past seventy years. I will argue in my talk/ paper that this is due to the perception or misperception attitude of the two sides both at the elite and popular levels. For the average Pakistani, the United States is considered to be a hegemonic power bent upon crushing the status of only nuclear Muslim power of the world and ironically the longest and most popular queue amongst embassies in Islamabad is at the fortified U.S. Embassy. At the elite level, the perception of the U.S. is that of maleficent benefactor playing behind the scene in bringing down popularly elected governments and replacing them with dictators. Interestingly, the perceptions in the U.S. can also be broadly studied at two levels. The popular level in the U.S. is more or less indifferent to U.S.-Pakistan relations or for that matter to world politics but there are both positive and negative stories of Pakistanis doing wonders in the U.S. as was illustrated in educational programs like the Fulbright and also Pakistanis like Faisal Shahzad ready to blow up the Times Square. At the echelons of power or the U.S. elite level, the perception of Pakistan is that of an untrustworthy ally who has distinguished between the good and bad Taliban and is fond of using proxies at will. From this cycle of perceptions and misperceptions there has come out an infidel relationship based on mutual distrust between the two states. For both states the dependency is also mutual as the U.S. cannot win its much-trumpeted war on terror without Pakistan’s help and Pakistan’s armed forces as well as economy is largely dependent upon American aid and trade. Although both states have tried for alternatives with the U.S. liaisoning with India and Pakistan cajoling China, the fact still remains that both are in desperate need of each other.


Dr. Muhammad Shoaib Pervez
Chairman, Department of Political science
University of Management & Technology

Fulbright Scholar
2014-2015
Columbia University

 

 

 

 
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