Dr. Muhammad Raffi's Profile

Dr. Muhammad Raffi is Deputy Chief Scientist/ Professor at the Department of Materials Engineering, National Institute of Lasers and Optronics (NILOP) in Islamabad, Pakistan. He earned his PhD (Materials Engineering) in 2007 under a joint program of Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad and University of Delaware (UDEL), Newark. He is a Fulbright Scholar at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago. Dr. Raffi is currently working as Head of Photolithography and Functional Nanomaterials Labs at NILOP. He is working on design and development of MEMS devices, nanostructured surfaces for RAM, EMI control applications, electrospinning, encapsulation of magnetic nanoparticles in carbon nanofibers/ nanotubes for advanced engineering and biomedical applications. Besides, he is engaged in academic teaching and graduate research supervision. He is also a visiting faculty of College of EME- NUST and International Islamic University, Islamabad.


Concrete Evidence of Pakistan-U.S. Friendship

Pakistan and the United States of America have been enjoying sparkling relations over the past seven decades. During this period, both the countries have been partners in socio-economic fields, including health and education. Besides, they have been able to build an exemplary bond based on the mutual interests, encompassing democracy, stability and security, and economic development.

In this presentation, the story of Edward Durrell Stone (March 9, 1902 – August 6, 1978) will be shared. A renowned architect, he is considered an early proponent of modern architecture in the United States. He was born and raised in Fayetteville, Arkansas and was a childhood friend of Senator J. William Fulbright. Stone’s early embrace of the international style placed him in the vanguard of his profession, however, with the rapid growth of his practice, a repetitive quality became noticeable in his architectural designs. He designed magnificent buildings throughout the world during his professional career, but two of his spectacular masterpieces were constructed in Pakistan during the 1960s, which are the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) House, Lahore, and Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad.

PINSTECH is a pioneer multi-program science and technology national research institute of Pakistan located in the suburbs of Islamabad. It is regarded as the one of the most advanced and premium research facilities in the country. WAPDA House is a nine-story office building located in Lahore, Pakistan, that serves as its headquarters. It is one of several prominent government buildings located on the Mall Road, Lahore. The unique architectural beauty of these two elegant buildings designed by Stone will be discussed, which not only are masterpieces of concrete structures but an extreme example of Pakistan-U.S. friendship.

Dr. Muhammad Raffi
Deputy Chief Scientist/ Professor
National Institute of Lasers and Optronic, Islamabad

Fulbright Scholar
University of Illinois




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