Undergraduate Study in U.S.
The first level of higher (postsecondary) education is undergraduate study and includes two-year and four-year programs. Two-year programs generally lead to an associate degree earned at a community college, whereas four-year colleges and universities offer programs that lead to a Bachelor's degree.
The first two years usually are spent in courses that give you a broad foundation for future specialization. They may include history, sciences, languages, humanities, etc â€“ along with courses determined by your chosen field of study. The second two years are devoted to your major academic subject.
Size: Institutions range from fewer than 1,000 to more than 50,000 students.
Student Body: Most colleges are coeducational, but there are 66 for men and 53 for women only.
Selectivity: College admissions policies range from highly selective to open admissions.
Setting: Campuses are located in small and large cities, suburban areas, and rural communities, and in a variety of climates.
Field of Study: With more than 600 major fields of study to select from, you are likely to find a program that suits your interests.
Type of Institution: Choices range from liberal arts colleges that emphasize broad preparation in academic disciplines to technical schools that provide focused, career-related training. Some offer vocational programs, and a growing number of college's offer option sin distance learning. There is no official ranking system for the 4,000+ colleges and universities in the U.S. When choosing a school, it is important to consider many factors including size, location, price, academics, financial aid and international student services. Here are some useful search engines to help you find the right fit:
The Application Process
Planning ahead will give you sufficient time to make successful applications to the colleges of your choice.
Admissions - What the School Looks for
- Academic Fit
- 12 years of formal schooling
- Academic record - transcripts
- Standardized Tests - SAT I (Link to Testing)
- English Proficiency - TOEFL (Link to Testing)
- Recommendation Letters
- Common Application/Individual College Application
- Admissions Essays
- Funding (Link to Financial Aid Page)
- 18 months - Choose schools; register for tests
- 15 months - Take standardized tests (SAT, TOEFL, etc)
- 12 months - Request applications; ask for recommendations; start preparing transcripts; retake standardized tests if needed
- 11 moths - Write personal statements
- 10 months - Complete application
- 4-5 months - Acceptance; apply for visa; housing arrangements
- 3 months - Travel arrangements